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农村易受伤人群热浪风险感知和防护行为个体差异分析 [中文引用][英文引用]

Analysis of Individual Difference in Rural Vulnerable Groups' Risk Perception of Heat Waves and their Protective Behavior

作者(英文):WU Yangyang1  LOU Jianing1  LI Tiantian2  WANG Qing2  BAN Jie2  SUN Xue1  HUANG Lei1 
单位(英文): 
关键词(英文):rural vulnerable group  heat waves  risk perception of heat waves  protective behavior 
分类号:R155
出版年·卷·期(页码):2020·10·第1期(25-30)
DOI:
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

目的 分析农村地区面对热浪灾害应对能力不足或更易受到伤害的人群特征,将这部分人群定义为热浪灾害下的农村脆弱人群,提出改善建议。方法 以江苏省为例,以问卷形式实地调研江苏省九市农村居民,运用统计分析手段对江苏省农村人群的热浪风险感知、防护行为与个人差异之间的关系进行验证。结果 农村人群风险感知的认识与年龄、受教育程度存在显著相关性,并干扰其抵御热浪天气的选择方式。女性比男性更关注热浪带来的健康威胁(F=7.702,P<0.01),教育程度高的人对热浪的了解度也越高(r=0.252,P<0.01),脆弱人群对热浪严重度的感知存在地区差异(F=3.095,P<0.05);农村脆弱人群抵御热浪的防护行为受年龄(F=4.284,P<0.01)、性别(F=5.539,P<0.05)与收入(F=2.816,P<0.05)等因素影响。结论 受热浪灾害干扰的农村人群主要为低收入、低学历或自身患有疾病的老年人,这类人群面对热浪更具有脆弱性,经济水平、年龄、教育程度等个体差异以及对热浪的风险感知影响防护行为的采取程度。
 

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Objectives To analyze the characteristics of vulnerable people in rural areas facing the heat waves. The population was defined as vulnerable rural population under heat waves, and suggestions for improvement are proposed. Methods Based on the field survey of the risk perception of heat waves in rural residents of nine cities in Jiangsu Province, this study used SPSS to verify the relationship between the physical condition and risk perception of heat waves of the individuals, the protective behavior against the heat waves and the structure of the rural population. Results The perception of risk perception among vulnerable populations in rural areas was significantly correlated with their age and education level, and interfered with the choice of rural vulnerable people to resist heat waves. Women were more concerned about the health effects caused by heat waves than men(F=7.702, P<0.01). People with a high degree of education had a higher understanding of heat waves(r=0.252, P<0.01). The perception of the severity of heat waves of vulnerable people also altered by regional differences(F=3.095,P<0.05). The protection behavior of rural vulnerable people against heat waves was also affected by factors such as age (F=4.284, P<0.01), gender(F=5.539, P<0.05), and income(F=2.816, P<0.05). Conclusions It is found that individual differences in regional and individual economic level, age, education level and risk perception of heat waves significantly affect the degree of protection behavior.
 

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中文著录格式: 吴杨洋1,,娄佳宁1,,李湉湉2,,王情2,,班婕2,,孙雪1,,黄蕾1.农村易受伤人群热浪风险感知和防护行为个体差异分析.环境卫生学杂志.2020;10(1):25-30.
英文著录格式: WU,Yangyang1,,LOU,Jianing1,,LI,Tiantian2,,WANG,Qing2,,BAN,Jie2,,SUN,Xue1,,HUANG,Lei1.Analysis of Individual Difference in Rural Vulnerable Groups' Risk Perception of Heat Waves and their Protective Behavior..2020;10(1):25-30.

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