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科研机构国际交流与合作的分析与思考—以中国疾控中心环境所专业人员因公出国(境)任务为例 [中文引用][英文引用]

Analysis and Thinking on International Exchanges and Cooperation of Research Institutes —Taking Professionals of National Institute of Environmental Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention for Overseas Mission as an Example

作者:杜鹏  李亚伟  石婉荧  金鑫 
作者(英文):DU Peng  LI Yawei  SHI Wanying  JIN Xin 
单位(英文): 
分类号:R19
出版年·卷·期(页码):2020·10·第1期(98-103)
DOI:
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

目的 通过对中国疾控中心环境所专业人员过去15年(2003-2017年)因公出国(境)任务情况进行梳理,总结以往国际交流与合作情况。方法 通过查阅档案、公务访谈、座谈和资料查询等方法,收集和整理国际交流与合作资料并建立数据库。采用单样本Kolmogorov-Smirnov检验和卡方检验进行统计分析。结果 环境所在过去15年因公出国(境)任务以参加国际学术会议为主(58.2%,89/153)。出访人员主要集中在空气污染与健康(34.5%,81/235)、饮用水与健康(13.6%,32/235)和气候变化与健康(11.9%,28/235)3个学科(领域)。大多数出访人员具有高级技术职称(81.3%,191/235),出访经费多数由邀请方承担(60.1%,92/153)。出访发达国家和地区占比较高(70.8%,114/161)。分层分析显示,3个五年间(2003-2007年、2008-2012年、2013-2017年)年均出访批次(F=0.97,P>0.05)、出访人数(F=3.55,P>0.05)以及3个主要学科(领域)的年均出访人数差异无统计学意义(F值分别为3.46、2.08和2.96,P>0.05),而环境所本单位经费占比差异具有统计学意义(χ2=40.3,P<0.01)。结论 环境所国际交流与合作活动日益频繁且效果逐步凸显。但出访人员学科(领域)和技术职称分布不尽合理,出访目的地主要集中在发达国家和地区。建议今后进一步强化国际交流与合作效果评估,促进学科(领域)和人才队伍均衡发展,加强与"一带一路"沿线国家的交流与合作。
 

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Objectives In order to summarize the conditions of international exchanges and cooperation of professionals for the overseas mission in the past 15 years (2003-2017), the information was sorted out from the National Institute of Environmental Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NIEH, China CDC). Methods The database on international exchange and cooperation was developed through consultation of archives, task interviews, informed discussions and information inquiries, etc. Kolmogorov-Smirnov One-Sample Test and Chi-square Test were used for statistical analysis. Results In the period of 15 years, 58.2% (89/153) of the official tasks were attending international conferences, and the rates of personnel visit of air pollution, drinking water sanitation and climate change and human health were accounted for 34.5% (81/235), 13.6% (32/235) and 11.9% (28/235),respectively. The most of professionals were professors and associate professors (81.3%, 191/235). The great number of visiting funds were supported by inviting organizations (60.1%, 92/153), and the percentage of vising developed countries and regions was accounted for 70.8% (114/161). In the period (i.e. 2003-2007, 2008-2012, 2013-2017), there was no statistically significant difference in the number of official tasks (F=0.97, P>0.05), number of visiting professionals (F=3.55, P>0.05) and number of professionals in the above three principle fields annually (F=3.46, 2.08 and 2.96, P>0.05). However, significant differences were found in the proportion of relevant funding sources of the NIEH, China CDC (χ2=40.3, P<0.01). Conclusions The international exchange and cooperation activities were increased frequently, and the effects of official tasks were gradually prominent in the NIEH, China CDC. Nevertheless, the distributions of scientific fields and academic titles were not balanced, and most of them preferred to the developed countries and regions. The authors recommended that further attention should be paid to enhance the effect assessment, promote the balanced development of scientific fields and talent teams, strengthen exchanges and cooperation with countries along the Belt and Road.
 

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中文著录格式: 杜鹏,,李亚伟,,石婉荧,,金鑫.科研机构国际交流与合作的分析与思考—以中国疾控中心环境所专业人员因公出国(境)任务为例.环境卫生学杂志.2020;10(1):98-103.
英文著录格式: DU,Peng,,LI,Yawei,,SHI,Wanying,,JIN,Xin.Analysis and Thinking on International Exchanges and Cooperation of Research Institutes —Taking Professionals of National Institute of Environmental Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention for Overseas Mission as an Example..2020;10(1):98-103.

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